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Thailand - Ayutthaya - History
Ayutthaya - The Past - This ancient capital of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, founded in 1350 by King U-Thong. Over its living history, Ayutthaya had thirty three kings of different dynasties and reaching its peak in the middle of the18th century.
The Kingdom of Ayutthaya was built and developed over that time. The ruins of Ayutthaya that have survived to date stood the test of time and embody both the glorious and not so glorious history of the Kingdom.
A magnificent city with three palaces and over 400 magnificent temples on an island threaded by canals Ayutthaya was truly an impressive city that attracted both European and Asian diplomats and traders.
During the Burmese insurgencies and after a 15-month siege the Kingdom of Ayutthaya was conquered and completely sacked by the Burmese in 1767.
When King Taksin the Great finally liberated the Kingdom, a new dynasty was established and the capital was moved about 85 km south to Thonburi on the west bank of the Chao Phraya River opposite today's capital Bangkok.
The provincial seal of Ayutthaya depicts a beautiful conch shell on a pedestal tray placed in a small castle under a Mun tree. According to legend, King U-Thong, founder of the Kingdom of Ayutthaya, unearthed a beautiful conch buried that was buried in the ground on the banks of the Chao Phraya River and being prepared to establish the seat of his Kingdom - he had a small castle built to house the shell. This is now depicted on the provincial seal.
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